derivid.route1.com/el-escudo-de-granada-una-novela.php Dynamo Dresden and F. Hansa Rostock were seeded into the top-tier Bundesliga division, with other clubs being sorted into lower tiers. The German football champion is decided strictly by play in the Bundesliga. Each club plays every other club once at home and once away. Originally, a victory was worth two points, with one point for a draw and none for a loss. Since the —96 season, a victory has been worth three points, while a draw remains worth a single point, and zero points are given for a loss.
The club with the most points at the end of the season becomes German champion. Currently, the top three clubs in the table qualify automatically for the group phase of the UEFA Champions League , while the fourth-place team enters the Champions League at the third qualifying round see overview.
The two teams at the bottom of the table are relegated into the 2. Bundesliga, while the top two teams in the 2. The 16th-placed team third-last , and the third-placed team in the 2. Bundesliga play a two-leg play-off match.
During the further course of the season, RB Leipzig suffered its first defeat on 13 September , in a match against Budissa Bautzen. The —13 Saxony Cup was another success. Auto, Motor und Sport. Under Alexander Zorniger, the club had risen from the Regionalliga to the 2. Perform Media Deutschland GmbH. Retrieved 14 April
The winner of this match plays the next season in the Bundesliga, and the loser in the 2. If two clubs are still tied after all of these tie-breakers have been applied, a single match is held at a neutral site to determine the placement. However, this has never been necessary in the history of the Bundesliga. In terms of team selection, matchday squads must have no more than five non-EU representatives. Seven substitutes are permitted to be selected, from which three can be used in the duration of the game. That year it was the only European football league where clubs collectively made a profit.
The Bundesliga has the lowest ticket prices and the highest average attendance out of Europe's five major leagues. By contrast, in the other major European leagues, numerous high-profile teams have come under ownership of foreign billionaires, and a significant number of clubs have high levels of debt. In the cases of Bayer Leverkusen and Wolfsburg, the clubs were founded by major corporations respectively Bayer AG and Volkswagen as sports clubs for their employees, while Hoffenheim has long received its primary support from SAP co-founder Dietmar Hopp , who played in the club's youth system.
After the German Football Association and the Bundesliga mandated that all clubs run a youth academy , with the aim of bolstering the stream of local talent for the club and national team. This allows more money to be spent on the players that are bought, and there is a greater chance to buy better instead of average players. In the first decade of the third millennium s , the Bundesliga was regarded as competitive, as five teams have won the league title. At the end of each season, clubs in the Bundesliga must apply to the German Football Federation DFB for a licence to participate again the following year; only when the DFB, who have access to all transfer documents and accounts, are satisfied that there is no threat of insolvency do they give approval.
In addition, no individual is allowed to own more than 49 percent of any Bundesliga club, the only exceptions being VfL Wolfsburg , Bayer Leverkusen and current Regionalliga Nordost member FC Carl Zeiss Jena should they ever be promoted to the Bundesliga as they were each founded as factory teams. Despite the good economic governance, there have still been some instances of clubs getting into difficulties. In subsequent years, the club went through extensive restructuring to return to financial health, largely with young home-grown players.
Based on its per-game average, the Bundesliga is the best-attended association football league in the world; out of all sports, its average of 45, fans per game during the —12 season was the second highest of any professional sports league worldwide, behind only the National Football League of the United States. Out of Europe's five major football leagues Premier League , La Liga , Ligue 1 , and Serie A , the Bundesliga has the lowest ticket prices and the highest average attendance.
Many club stadia have large terraced areas for standing fans by comparison, stadia in the English Premier League are all-seaters due to the Taylor Report. Match tickets often double as free rail passes which encourages supporters to travel and celebrate in a relaxed atmosphere. According to Bundesliga chief executive Christian Seifert , tickets are inexpensive especially for standing room as "It is not in the clubs' culture so much [to raise prices].
They are very fan orientated". Football has got to be for everybody. The spectator figures for league for the last eleven seasons:. The Bundesliga broadcast rights are sold along with the broadcast rights to the Bundesliga Relegation Playoffs, 2. Three Friday night matches — the openers of the first and second halves of the season, and on the final matchday before the winter break — are broadcast to all Germans on ZDF.
Radio coverage includes the national Konferenz whip-around coverage on the stations of ARD and full match coverage on local radio stations. The Bundesliga is broadcast on TV in over countries. In October , 21st Century Fox , via the Fox Sports , Fox International Channels , and Sky plc divisions, acquired television and digital rights to the Bundesliga in 80 territories, including North America and Asia outside of India and Oceania for five years, and selected European territories for two years, beginning in the —16 season.
CEO James Murdoch explained that the deal was designed to "leverage our unrivaled global portfolio of sports channels to bolster the Bundesliga brand in every corner of the globe. Spanish-language telecasts air on Fox Deportes. Matches stream online for subscribers to these channels on participating providers via Fox Sports Go , and are also available through the subscription service Fox Soccer Match Pass.
ITV4 broadcasts delayed highlights the following Monday. This arrangement lasts through the season. In , digital TV operator StarTimes acquired exclusive television rights for Sub-Saharan Africa for 5 years starting from season. In total, 43 clubs have won the German championship , including titles won before the Bundesliga's inception and those in the East German Oberliga. The following 12 clubs have won the Bundesliga: No club from former East Germany or Berlin has won the Bundesliga. Each country's usage is unique and in Germany the practice is to award one star for three titles, two stars for five titles, three stars for 10 titles, and four stars for 20 titles.
The former East German side Dynamo Berlin laid claim to the three stars of a time champion. They petitioned the league to have their DDR-Oberliga titles recognized, but received no reply. Dynamo eventually took matters into their own hands and emblazoned their jerseys with three stars. This caused some debate given what may be the tainted nature of their championships under the patronage of East Germany's secret police, the Stasi.
Examples of Club-Mate-based mixed drinks are: In December , Loscher marketed a Club-Mate winter edition. The limited-edition Club-Mate consists of the original formula mixed with cardamom , cinnamon , star anise and citrus extract.
It is since sold regularly for a limited time during winter. In , a Club-Mate-styled cola variety was introduced. Unlike other colas, its recipe includes mate-extract. As of July , the company listed additional countries like the United Kingdom,  the United States,  Belgium,  Bulgaria  and Luxembourg to reach distributors in 40 countries,  primarily in Europe, but also in Canada,  Australia, Israel, Turkey and South Africa.
Club-Mate has developed a following in computer hacker culture and tech start-ups, especially in Europe. Incumbent B-junior coach Frank Leicht was announced as new head coach for the —15 season. The —15 season proved successful. With its A- and B-junior teams, RB Leipzig was the only club in Germany with two teams left in the final rounds of the German championship in As of , the club has 14 men's junior teams, ranging from U8 to the Reserve team. In June , RB Leipzig announced the creation of its first two women's junior football teams, starting from the —14 season.
The first two teams created were a C- and a D-junior team. The C-junior team was to be trained by Mandy Morgenstern and start in the Bezirksliga. The deal followed upon a period of financial difficulties for FFV Leipzig, which had for a while sought to transfer its youth academy to RB Leipzig.
As of , the club has three women's junior teams, ranging from B- to D-juniors. It is located at the RB Leipzig training center at Cottaweg.
The establishment of a successful youth academy has been an integral part of the club's long term strategy and philosophy since its early years. Planning for a training center with facilities for a youth academy began in , and the first section of the training center was opened in August Shortly after Ralf Ragnick became new Sporting director in July , he began an extensive restructuring of the club.
During his time at the club, the A- and B-junior teams won 15 German championships. Frieder Schrof became head of the youth department. Thomas Schlieck had previously been employed as goalkeeper coordinator at Schalke 04 and had before that been employed for twelve years as goalkeeping coach at Arminia Bielefeld. Thomas Schlieck became goalkeeper coordinator, responsible for goalkeeper training and development from the U8 to the professional team.
He was also employed to work with goalkeeper scouting. An expansion of the training center at Cottaweg began in January The plans included a 13, square meters sports complex, with extensive facilities for the youth academy. The certificate placed the youth academy among the highest rated youth academies in Germany.
The new sports complex at the RB Training center was opened in September The training center now has a boarding school with rooms for 50 students, more than any other in the Bundesliga. The style of play taught at the youth academy is aggressive, ball oriented, and run intensive, with forward defending and fast transitions. Youth players have to pay attention not only to their physical shape, but also to their appearance.
The youth academy imposes fines for weight gains and its Code of conduct contains regulations on both hair style and tattoos. Unusual hair styles and tattoos are forbidden. The scouting system operates worldwide, in cooperation with other football clubs in the Red Bull sporting portfolio. Up to U11, only children from Leipzig and the immediate vicinity are reqruited. Up to U15, players within a radius of kilometers are requited.
From U16 an above, scouting is done in the whole of Germany and worldwide. For scouting purposes, the club arranges an annual "Talent Scouting Day", where boys and girls aged between six and 16 years are scouted. The Talent Scouting Day is done over three to five days. Young players are tested in speed tests, technique training, a 5-a-side tournament and a final match. The most talented players are invited to train with the junior teams.
The Talent Scouting Day in had 1, applicants, of which were selected. At the end of the day, 90 young players received invitations to the junior teams. The RB Leipzig youth academy has been accused of poaching young players from other clubs in questionable ways. The club said that young talents had been poached by RB Leipzig right at its own youth academy and with lucrative offers. In another interview in , he added that what the club does is reasonable and legitimate, and that other clubs do just the same. The signing was preceded by a legal dispute and was criticized for the way it was done.
The youth academy has also had a cooperation with the youth academy of the now dissolved Red Bull Ghana.
The cooperation covers several areas, primarily scouting, medicine and training philosophy. In Europe, scouting is divided. The establishment of RB Leipzig has caused much controversy in Germany. The controversy has revolved around the apparent involvement of Red Bull GmbH and the restrictive membership policy. Critics have been found both in the management and among coaches and supporters of other clubs. The introduction of RB Leipzig was met with protests from supporters of other Leipzig football clubs, notably 1. They feared a decline of traditional fan culture in Leipzig, and a commercialization of football in the region.
The German economist Dr. Tobias Kollman said in that he saw Red Bull GmbH as a company with clear economic goals for its projects. Consequently, he described RB Leipzig as a "marketing club" and said that it was the first of this kind in Germany. They complained that such clubs are pushing back traditional clubs, and warned that RB Leipzig could well be the next such club to push a traditional club out of the Bundesliga.
As head coach of VfL Bochum , he said in that RB Leipzig "made him sick" and that he considered the club to be built on purely economical interests. He further complained that competing with RB Leipzig was not a fair deal, because the club could sign the players it wanted, and that such competition "had nothing to do with the sport that we love".
They have protested against commercialization of football, the apparent involvement of Red Bull GmbH and the allegedly undemocratic structures at RB Leipzig. Following that RB Leipzig gained promotion to the 2. Bundesliga in , supporter groups from ten clubs in the 2. In March , the campaign web page indicated a number of supporter groups from 29 clubs. At away matches, the club has regularly been greeted with protests in various forms. During the away match against 1.
FC Union Berlin on 21 September , the home supporters symbolically wore black plastic ponchos and were silent for the first 15 minutes of the match. A large banner displayed by home supporters said: Another banner displayed said: FC Heidenheim on 18 September , the player bus was approached upon the arrival at the stadium by supporters of 1. During the home match against FC Hansa Rostock on 23 November , the away supporters protested by being entirely absent for the first seven minutes of the match and then filled the guest block in large numbers.
FC Union Berlin on 19 February At some occasions, the protests have turned into violence and threats. The player bus was attacked with bottles, and the police had to use pepper spray to succeed. The team was insulted, spat at and pelted with beer cups during the warm-up, and had to leave the stadium with police escort after the match. Riots also appeared after the match when home supporters tried to break through a security perimeter to approach away supporters.
Firecrackers and other objects were thrown at the police, and four police officers were slightly injured in the turmoil. The night before the match, the lobby of the player hotel in Karlsruhe was stormed by local hooligans. Several football clubs, such as VfB Stuttgart , 1. Some critics can however also be found among the supporters of RB Leipzig. The supporter group Rasenballisten describes itself as uniting critical supporters. The group members have stated that the identity of a club cannot solely rely on its main sponsor and the group has criticized Red Bull GmbH for dominating the external representation of the club.
Instead, the group wants to emphasize the name RasenBallsport and the Leipzig identity. Sporting director Ralf Rangnick has pointed at the fact that sponsors and investors are present also at other clubs. He admitted that there was a difference: FC Bayern Munich first had sporting success, and then sponsors and investors. However, he insisted that the situation at VfL Wolfsburg and Bayer Leverkusen was exactly the same, and that VfL Wolfsburg became German champions in to a very large extent due to the financial support from Volkswagen AG.
He explained that when the company is committed in sports, it is involved in the sports operations itself. It has been suggested that the restrictive membership policy was implemented in order to prevent the club from being taken over by hostile supporters. He also said that the conditions that had prevailed at some other clubs had certainly not been positive for their development.
The club entered a cooperation agreement with the supporter organization Fanprojekt Leipzig in , and the club also has a dialogue with the fan representatives of the supporter union Fanverband RB Leipzig Fans. Both Dietrich Mateschitz and sporting director Ralf Rangnick have made comments on transfer policy. Dietrich Mateschitz commented on the football commitment of Red Bulll GmbH in and said that the company was "no good stars buyers". What we do, we try to do with our brain. Nothing is easier than to take a bag full of money and go shopping. That is stupid, stupid we are not".
And that with as many own players as possible". Bundesliga who had not signed any players from another club in the league. Several people have responded to the rejection of RB Leipzig as a "plastic club", which lacks traditions. Sporting director Joachim Krug said in that RB Leipzig was simply a newly founded club with high ambitions. By this, he meant that also RB Leipzig will one day become a traditional club. Sporting director Ralf Ragnick declared in that there were actually advantages to working in a new club without deep-rooted traditions.
He explained that structural changes and staffing decisions could be implemented quickly and flexibly at RB Leipzig, since there are no established hierarchies and less resistance in the environment. He further said that he had seen enough examples of traditional clubs which have not made it anywhere.
He said that to him, what mattered was if there existed a working philosophy and sustainability. RB Leipzig has also received positive criticism and praise. He explained that young players will stay in the area and that the overall level of football in Lepzig will rise. Mayor Burkhard Jung praised Dietrich Mateschitz as "honest, ambitious and serious".
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The prize ceremony was for the first time attended by the Minister-president of Saxony, Stanislaw Tillich. He said that he hoped for high class football, and that it would have earned the whole region and East Germany. Bundesliga was a great development for East Germany and that the attendance boom in Leipzig showed just how much the club had been awaited. He said that decisive would be what the club could offer its fans, and that if the model works, it would be beneficial for all football, not only for football in East Germany.
Bundesliga in and said that it was the best thing that could happen to football in Leipzig. He also rejected the complaints of "traditionalists", as 1. In interviews published in German newspaper Bild in , representatives of several Leipzig football clubs explained how their clubs had benefited from the establishment of RB Leipzig. Former FC Sachsen Leipzig liquidator Heiko Kratz explained that by , the club was no longer able to finance its youth academy, but by selling its A to D junior teams to RB Leipzig, at least they could give the players a future.
Ralph Zahn from ESV Delitzsch said that the financial compensation from RB Leipzig had made it possible for the club to build an artificial turf pitch with floodlights for the cost of , euros. RB Leipzig also had an increase in five out of six image values. Sympathetic had increased 2.
A study carried out by the company Repucom in showed that RB Leipzig had a nationwide increase of 60 percent in press, radio and television. It also showed that the reports had become more objective and complex. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Red Bull Arena Leipzig. This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably.
Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding or removing subheadings. The neutrality of this section is disputed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. List of RB Leipzig seasons. Retrieved 8 April Deutsche Welle in German.
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